Best Time to Travel Weatherwise

Central America While Central America benefits from a tropical climate year-round, the dry season is the most pleasant time to visit the region. The main part of dry season runs from January to March, with the shoulder months December and April varying in weather quality from country to country. At the beginning of dry season, prepare for cool evening and morning weather. In Belize and Panama, the season begins later -- in February -- but Nicaragua and Honduras have a longer dry season, beginning in December. Outside the dry season, in addition to humidity, travelers face oppressive mosquitoes, heavy rain, tropical storms and the possibility of hurricanes. Northern South America Tropical weather rules in the equatorial northern section of South America, encompassing Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname and Venezuela. Like Central America, your best bet for visiting the region is to travel during the dry season and avoid the Christmas, New Year's and Easter holidays. In this area, the dry season runs longer then Central America, stretching from December to April, with November and May as the shoulder months. If you plan to hike or visit high elevations, such as Venezuela's Angel Falls, travel during the rainy months in the late fall to avoid shivering on mountain peaks during the cooler temperatures of the dry season. Central South America Though you can lump Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru and even Paraguay under the umbrella of central South America, each country sits at or covers a wide variety of latitudes and climates. Ecuador, on the South Pacific in the northwest, has the opposite dry season as its Central American cousins -- from June through September -- but the dry season can be so cool and misty you are better off visiting between January and May. Throughout the rest of central South America, summer months, which routinely reach into and over 100 degrees Fahrenheit, are uniformly so hot, that you are better off visiting in the winter. From April to September, temperatures are pleasant, the air is breezy and skies are clear. Southern South America Comprising Chile, Argentina and Uruguay, southern South America is the trickiest region to pin down in terms of climate. Long, narrow countries rise from flat beaches to soaring Patagonian mountains in an hour's west- or eastward drive. Unlike the tropical central region, the southern South America countries lie primarily in a temperate zone, with dry, high-heat coastal summers and cool winters. Travel to Patagonia in the summer, when warmer alpine temperatures make for a pleasant trekking atmosphere. Hit the beaches in the shoulder seasons, from October to December and March to June, to escape the sizzling summer dry heat and hoards of domestic vacationers.

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Best Time to Travel Weatherwise
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Central America
While Central America benefits from a tropical climate year-round, the dry season is the most pleasant time to visit the region. The main part of dry season runs from January to March, with the shoulder months December and April varying in weather quality from country to country. At the beginning of dry season, prepare for cool evening and morning weather. In Belize and Panama, the season begins later -- in February -- but Nicaragua and Honduras have a longer dry season, beginning in December. Outside the dry season, in addition to humidity, travelers face oppressive mosquitoes, heavy rain, tropical storms and the possibility of hurricanes.

Northern South America
Tropical weather rules in the equatorial northern section of South America, encompassing Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname and Venezuela. Like Central America, your best bet for visiting the region is to travel during the dry season and avoid the Christmas, New Year's and Easter holidays. In this area, the dry season runs longer then Central America, stretching from December to April, with November and May as the shoulder months. If you plan to hike or visit high elevations, such as Venezuela's Angel Falls, travel during the rainy months in the late fall to avoid shivering on mountain peaks during the cooler temperatures of the dry season.

Central South America
Though you can lump Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru and even Paraguay under the umbrella of central South America, each country sits at or covers a wide variety of latitudes and climates. Ecuador, on the South Pacific in the northwest, has the opposite dry season as its Central American cousins -- from June through September -- but the dry season can be so cool and misty you are better off visiting between January and May. Throughout the rest of central South America, summer months, which routinely reach into and over 100 degrees Fahrenheit, are uniformly so hot, that you are better off visiting in the winter. From April to September, temperatures are pleasant, the air is breezy and skies are clear.

Southern South America
Comprising Chile, Argentina and Uruguay, southern South America is the trickiest region to pin down in terms of climate. Long, narrow countries rise from flat beaches to soaring Patagonian mountains in an hour's west- or eastward drive. Unlike the tropical central region, the southern South America countries lie primarily in a temperate zone, with dry, high-heat coastal summers and cool winters. Travel to Patagonia in the summer, when warmer alpine temperatures make for a pleasant trekking atmosphere. Hit the beaches in the shoulder seasons, from October to December and March to June, to escape the sizzling summer dry heat and hoards of domestic vacationers.
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Seasons of Central & South America
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